Coactivation in bilingual grammars: A computational account of code mixing

Matthew Goldrick*, Michael Putnam, Lara Schwarz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


A large body of research into bilingualism has revealed that language processing is fundamentally non-selective; there is simultaneous, graded co-activation of mental representations from both of the speakers' languages. An equally deep tradition of research into code switching/mixing has revealed the important role that grammatical principles play in determining the nature of bilingual speech. We propose to integrate these two traditions within the formalism of Gradient Symbolic Computation. This allows us to formalize the integration of grammatical principles with gradient mental representations. We apply this framework to code mixing constructions where an element of an intended utterance appears in both languages within a single utterance and discuss the directions it suggests for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-876
Number of pages20
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Gradient Symbolic Computation
  • code mixing
  • doubling constructions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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