Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis and Other Mining-Related Lung Disease: New Manifestations of Illness in an Age-Old Occupation

Leonard H.T. Go*, Robert A. Cohen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) and other mining-related lung diseases are entirely preventable, yet continue to occur. While greater attention has been given to CWP and silicosis, mining exposures cause a broad spectrum of respiratory disease, including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and pulmonary fibrosis. Physicians must obtain a detailed occupational and exposure history from miners in order to make an accurate diagnosis and determine the risk of disease progression. Mining-related lung diseases are incurable and difficult to treat. Therefore, primary prevention by limiting dust exposure and secondary prevention through chest imaging and physiologic screening should be the primary focus of disease control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-696
Number of pages10
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Coal mine dust
  • Coal mine dust lung disease
  • Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis
  • Dust-related diffuse fibrosis
  • Lung cancer
  • Mixed-dust pneumoconiosis
  • Silicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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