The expression of gangliosides of the lactosylceramide (LC) and of the gangliotertrasylceramide (GTC) series on the surface of cells from rat embryonic cerebellar tissue was investigated by double‐color indirect immunofluorescence. GD3 was assumed to be representative of LC and was detected using a specific monoclonal antibody. GM1 was assumed to be representative of GTC and was detected using the binding of cholera toxin followed by the binding of cholera toxin antibodies. The expression of polysialosylated GTC (polysialosy‐GTC) was detected using the cholera toxin‐cholera toxin antibody experimental approach after conversion of polysialosyl‐GTC to GM1 by treatment of the cells with neuraminidase. To distinguish the major neural cell types present in the cultures the expression of the following cell type‐specific markers was investigated: neurons‐specific markers was investigated: neuron‐specific enolase and microtubule‐associated protein‐2 (MAP‐2) as probes for neuronal cells and the intermediate filament protein glial fibrillar acidic protein (GFAP) as a probe for astroglial cells. More than 80% of cells dissociated from cerebellar tissue of 15‐day‐old rat embryos (E15) are positive for the expression of GD3 and about 50% for the expression of GM1 and polysialosyl‐GTC, but most are negative for the expression of neuron‐specific enolase, MAP‐2, and GFAP. After culturing for 4 days (E15+4) most cells that show characteristics of neuronal cells are positive for the expression of polysialosyl‐GTC and “inactivate” the expression of GD3. Most cells with characteristics of radial and stellate glial cells are also positive for the expression of polysialosyl‐GTC, but unlike neuron‐like cells, they do not “inactivate” the expression of GD3.
- cerebellar cells and gangliosides
- neural cells and gangliosides
- neural development and gangliosides
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience