Cognitive Apprenticeship in Orthopaedic Surgery: Updating a Classic Educational Model

Bennet A. Butler*, Cameron M. Butler, Terrance D Peabody

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Traditional apprenticeships have been used through history as a teaching model for wide variety of skills. These apprenticeships are characterized by practical, on-the-job training in which the apprentice observes and assists a master in the completion of a task, and thereby learns the skills needed to complete that task on his or her own. Cognitive apprenticeship is a modified version of this traditional teaching method which is differentiated from the traditional apprenticeship model primarily by its educational goals; cognitive apprenticeships are used to teach skills which require internal thought processes which cannot be readily observed externally by the teacher or the student. Here, we review the history of the cognitive apprenticeship concept, its basic principles, its applications to a wide variety of educational circumstances, and its potential use as a framework for developing orthopedic curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Educational Models
apprenticeship
surgery
Orthopedics
Teaching
History
Inservice Training
Curriculum
Students
on-the-job training
apprentice
basic concept
history
teaching method
curriculum
teacher

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

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Cognitive Apprenticeship in Orthopaedic Surgery : Updating a Classic Educational Model. / Butler, Bennet A.; Butler, Cameron M.; Peabody, Terrance D.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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