Cognitive-behavioral therapy of depression and depressive symptoms during adolescence: A review and meta-analysis

Mark A. Reinecke*, Nancy E. Ryan, David L. Dubois

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


Objective: Outcome studies support the effectiveness of cognitive- behavioral approaches for treating depression among adults. The effectiveness of these approaches for adolescents, however, has received less empirical attention. This article critically reviews the literature on cognitive- behavioral therapy with depressed and dysphoric adolescents. Method: A meta- analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of these approaches and the stability of therapeutic gains. Results: Fourteen posttreatment-control comparisons and 10 follow-up-control comparisons resulted from six studies containing 217 subjects. The overall effect size posttreatment was -1.02, whereas the overall effect size at follow-up was -0.61. The effect sizes in both of these analyses were homogeneous and were supported by Fail-Safe-N calculations. Conclusion: Results suggest the short- and long-term effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral approaches for treating depressive symptoms with this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998


  • Cognitive therapy
  • Depression
  • Meta-analysis
  • Psychotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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