Andreev interferometers, hybrid normal-superconducting loops, are well suited for studying phase-coherent effects, as they combine the robust quantum phase of a superconductor with a finite resistance normal section where phase-dependent transport properties can be easily measured. While they have previously been used to demonstrate local, phase-coherent properties, they may also be integrated into structures where nonlocal phase coherence occurs. In this paper, we use Andreev interferometer devices to experimentally establish the existence of nonlocal phase coherence between two normal metals linked by a superconductor. The generation of phase-coherent nonlocal signals is brought about by producing a nonequilibrium quasiparticle distribution in the normal section of the interferometer and tuning the phase with an external magnetic flux through the loop. Quasiclassical modeling of our experiment shows that the nonequilibrium distribution, coupled with the flux, leads to an induced supercurrent that is not constant along the length of the interferometer's normal section. The supercurrent-quasiparticle current conversion that occurs in this section is manifested in the production of flux-dependent nonlocal voltages through the mechanisms of crossed Andreev reflection and elastic cotunneling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)