Coimmunomodulation of tumor and tumor-draining lymph nodes during in situ vaccination promotes antitumor immunity

Moonkyoung Jeong, Heegon Kim*, Junyong Yoon, Dong Hyun Kim, Ji Ho Park*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In situ vaccination has demonstrated the feasibility of priming local immunity for systemic antitumor responses. Although direct intratumoral (IT) delivery of adjuvant is the mainstay, tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs) also play essential roles in antitumor immunity. We report that directing an adjuvant to both tumors and TDLNs during in situ vaccination can induce robust antitumor responses. Conventional IT dosing leads to tumor-limited delivery of agents; however, delivery to both tumors and TDLNs can be ensured through a micellar formation. The peritumoral delivery of micellar MEDI9197 (mcMEDI), a toll-like receptor 7/8 agonist, induced significantly stronger innate and adaptive immune responses than those on conventional dosing. Optimal dosing was crucial because excessive or insufficient accumulation of the adjuvant in the TDLNs compromised therapeutic efficacy. The combination of local mcMEDI therapy significantly improved the efficacy of systemic anti-programmed death receptor 1 therapy. These data suggest that rerouting adjuvants to tumors and TDLNs can augment the therapeutic efficacy of in situ vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJCI Insight
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 22 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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