Combination treatment of mice with crx-153 (nortriptyline and desloratadine) decreases the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Joseph R. Podojil, Mahesh V. Padval, Stephen D. Miller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pro-inflammatory CD4+ T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, are hypothesized to be initiated and maintained by self-reactive interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) producing CD4+ T cells. Previous studies have shown moderate to significant alterations in inflammatory T cell responses and potentially treatment of autoimmune disease by administration of antihistamine or tricyclic antidepressants alone. The goal of the present study was to determine if treatment of PLP139-151-induced relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (R-EAE) in SJL/J mice with a combination of two FDA approved drugs for other indications could decrease R-EAE disease. The findings show that combination treatment with desloratadine and nortriptyline decreases the mean clinical score, disease relapse frequency, and number of CD4+ T cells infiltrating into the CNS. In addition, combination treatment of PLP139-151 primed mice decreases the level of IFN-γ and IL-17 secreted via a decrease in both the number of cells secreting and the amount of cytokine secreted per cell following PLP139-151 reactivation ex vivo. This is in contrast to an increase in the level of IL-4 produced and the number of IL-4 secreting cells. The data also show that combination treatment with desloratadine and nortriptyline inhibits the production of IFN-γ and IL-17 produced by naive CD4+ T cells activated in the presence of Th1 cell- and Th17 cell-promoting conditions, while increasing the level of IL-4 produced by naive CD4+ T cells activated in the presence of Th2 cell-promoting conditions. The present findings suggest a novel method for the development of a putative autoimmune therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-250
Number of pages14
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume270
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Anergy: T cell
  • Antidepressant
  • Antihistamine
  • Autoimmunity
  • Cytokine
  • Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Suppression
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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