Combinatorial screening of mesenchymal stem cell adhesion and differentiation using polymer pen lithography

Maria D. Cabezas, Daniel J. Eichelsdoerfer, Keith A. Brown, Milan Mrksich, Chad A. Mirkin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations


The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex, spatially inhomogeneous environment that is host to myriad cell-receptor interactions that promote changes in cell behavior. These biological systems can be probed and simulated with engineered surfaces, but doing so demands careful control over the arrangement of ligands. Here, we describe how such surfaces can be fabricated by utilizing polymer pen lithography (PPL), which is a cantilever-free scanning probe lithographic method that utilizes polymeric pen arrays to generate patterns over large areas. With the advent of PPL, fundamental questions in cell biology can be answered by recapitulating cell-ECM interactions to explore how these interactions lead to changes in cell behavior. Here, we describe an approach for the combinatorial screening of cell adhesion behavior to gain understanding of how ECM protein feature size dictates osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. The technique outlined here is generalizable to other biological systems and can be paired with quantitative analytical methods to probe important processes such as cell polarization, proliferation, signaling, and differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods in Cell Biology
PublisherAcademic Press Inc
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameMethods in Cell Biology
ISSN (Print)0091-679X


  • Cell adhesion
  • Nanopatterning
  • Osteogenesis
  • Polymer pen lithography
  • Stem cell differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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