A significant bottleneck in the discovery of new mixed halide perovskite (MHP) compositions and structures is the time-consuming and low-throughput nature of current synthesis and screening methods. Here, a high-throughput strategy is presented that can be used to synthesize combinatorial libraries of MHPs with deliberate control over the halide mixing ratio and particle size (for example, CsPb(Br1-xClx)3 (0 < x < 1) with sizes between ∼100 and 400 nm). This strategy combines evaporation-crystallization polymer pen lithography (EC-PPL) and defect-engineered anion exchange to spatially encode particle size and composition, respectively. Laser exposure is used to selectively modify the defect concentration of individual particles, and thus the degree of subsequent anion exchange, allowing the preparation for ultra-high-density arrays of distinct compositions (>1 unique particle/μm2). This method was utilized to rapidly generate a library of ∼4000 CsPb(Br1-xClx)3 particles that was then screened for high-efficiency blue photoemission, which yielded CsPb(Br0.6Cl0.4)3 as the composition with the highest photoluminescence intensity. The combinatorial synthesis and screening strategy provided here, and the mechanistic understanding of the defect-engineering process gleaned from it, will enable the rapid discovery of exceptional MHP optoelectronic materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry