Mutations in the pituitary-specific paired-like homeodomain transcription factor, PROP-1, result in combined pituitary hormone deficiency. We studied a Brazilian girl, offspring of first cousins, who presented with short stature and deficiencies of GH, TSH, PRL, LH, and FSH. Her cortisol response to hypoglycemia was determined at age 4.9, 10.7, and 14.1 yr and remained normal. Magnetic resonance imaging at the age of 9 yr revealed an anterior pituitary lobe of diminished height (3 mm; normal, 4.5 ± 0.6), but radiography revealed a sella turcica volume above the normal mean. Direct sequencing of the PROP-1 gene revealed homozygosity for a novel 263T>C transition that results in the replacement of a highly conserved phenylalanine by serine at codon 88 (F88S). F88 constitutes the hydrophobic core of the first helix of the homeodomain of PROP-1, and the substitution by the polar residue serine is expected to alter the secondary structure and impair binding of the mutated PROP-1 to DNA target sequences. The F88S mutation (which corresponds to murine F85S) was introduced into the murine Prop-1 complementary DNA and its consequences on DNA binding and trans-activation were assessed in vitro. In contrast to wild-type Prop-1, the F88S mutant showed no significant DNA binding to a PRDQ9 Prop-1 response element in gel shift assays. Transcriptional activation of a luciferase reporter gene containing a PRDQ9 site upstream of a simian virus 40 promoter was reduced to approximately 34% compared with that of wild-type Prop-1 in transiently transfected TSA-201 human embryonic kidney cells. The F88S mutation further expands the repertoire of mutations in PROP-1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical