Combustion-Assisted Photonic Annealing of Printable Graphene Inks via Exothermic Binders

Ethan B. Secor, Theodore Z. Gao, Manuel H. Dos Santos, Shay G. Wallace, Karl W. Putz, Mark C. Hersam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


High-throughput and low-temperature processing of high-performance nanomaterial inks is an important technical challenge for large-area, flexible printed electronics. In this report, we demonstrate nitrocellulose as an exothermic binder for photonic annealing of conductive graphene inks, leveraging the rapid decomposition kinetics and built-in energy of nitrocellulose to enable versatile process integration. This strategy results in superlative electrical properties that are comparable to extended thermal annealing at 350 °C, using a pulsed light process that is compatible with thermally sensitive substrates. The resulting porous microstructure and broad liquid-phase patterning compatibility are exploited for printed graphene microsupercapacitors on paper-based substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29418-29423
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number35
StatePublished - Sep 6 2017


  • carbon nanomaterials
  • conductive inks
  • energetic materials
  • intense pulsed light annealing
  • printed electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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