Common envelope shaping of planetary nebulae. II. magnetic solutions and self-collimated outflows

Guillermo García-Segura, Ronald E. Taam, Paul M. Ricker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Magnetic fields of order 101-102 Gauss that are present in the envelopes of red giant stars are ejected in common envelope scenarios. These fields could be responsible for the launching of magnetically driven winds in protoplanetary nebulae. Using 2D simulations of magnetized winds interacting with an envelope drawn from a 3D simulation of the common envelope phase, we study the confinement, heating, and magnetic field development of post-common envelope winds. We find that the ejected magnetic field can be enhanced via compression by factors up to ∼104 in circumbinary disks during the self-regulated phases. We find values for the kinetic energy of the order of 1046 erg that explain the large values inferred in protoplanetary nebula outflows. We show that the interaction of the formed circumbinary disk with a spherical, stellar wind produces a "tapered" flow that is almost indistinguishable from an imposed tapered flow. This increases the uncertainty of the origin of protoplanetary nebula winds, which could be either stellar, circumstellar (stellar accretion disk), circumbinary (circumbinary accretion disk), or a combination of all three. Within this framework, a scenario for self-collimation of weakly magnetized winds is discussed, which can explain the two objects where the collimation process is observationally resolved, HD 101584 and Hen 3-1475. An explanation for the equatorial, molecular hydrogen emission in CRL 2688 is also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number150
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 20 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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