Common Envelope Shaping of Planetary Nebulae. III. The Launching of Jets in Proto-Planetary Nebulae

Guillermo García-Segura*, Ronald E. Taam, Paul M. Ricker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compute successfully the launching of two magnetic winds from two circumbinary disks formed after a common envelope event. The launching is produced by the increase of magnetic pressure due to the collapse of the disks. The collapse is due to internal torques produced by a weak poloidal magnetic field. The first wind can be described as a wide jet, with an average mass-loss rate of ∼1.3 × 10-7 M o˙ yr-1 and a maximum radial velocity of ∼230 km s-1. The outflow has a half-opening angle of ∼20°. Narrow jets are also formed intermittently with velocities up to 3000 km s-1, with mass-loss rates of ∼6 × 10-12 M o˙ yr-1 during short periods of time. The second wind can be described as a wide X-wind, with an average mass-loss rate of ∼1.68 × 10-7 M o˙ yr-1 and a velocity of ∼30 km s-1. A narrow jet is also formed with a velocity of 250 km s-1 and a mass-loss rate of ∼10-12 M o˙ yr-1. The computed jets are used to provide inflow boundary conditions for simulations of proto-planetary nebulae. The wide jet evolves into a molecular collimated outflow within a few astronomical units, producing proto-planetary nebulae with bipolar, elongated shapes, whose kinetic energies reach ∼4 × 1045 erg at 1000 yr. Similarities with observed features in W43A, OH 231.8+4.2, and Hen 3-1475 are discussed. The computed wide X-wind produces proto-planetary nebulae with slower expansion velocities, bipolar and elliptical shapes, and possible starfish-type and quadrupolar morphology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume914
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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