|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||The International Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication|
|Editors||Charles R Berger, Michael E Roloff|
|State||Published - 2016|
Relationships are a means by which individuals acquire needed resources. Indeed, resource acquisition is a reason for creating and maintaining relationships. Relationships differ with regard to the norms that guide how benefits are provided. Theories focused on communal and exchange relationships have been used to understand these differences and how they are related to communication. This entry looks at the assumptions and research associated with these literatures.