Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Childhood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


The diagnosis of pneumonia in children is challenging due to overlapping clinical features of viral and bacterial etiologies of pneumonia, in addition to other lower respiratory tract pathologies. Although limited, chest radiography remains the reference standard for diagnosis. In all pediatric age groups excluding neonates, viral pathogens are the most common etiology of pneumonia, with S. pneumoniae as the most common typical bacterial pathogen. Diagnostic testing should be focused to those at higher risk for pathogen detection or in situations where diagnostic testing results will change management. Treatment for bacterial pneumonia should begin with narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics, but broadening to third-generation cephalosporins may be appropriate in certain situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Respiratory Medicine, Second Edition
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780081027240
ISBN (Print)9780081027233
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Chest radiography
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Lower respiratory tract infection
  • Lung ultrasound
  • Pediatrics
  • Pneumonia biomarkers
  • Viral pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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