Community-based diabetes education for latinos: The diabetes empowerment education program

Amparo Castillo*, Aida Giachello, Robin Bates, Jeannie Concha, Vanessa Ramirez, Carlos Sanchez, Eve Pinsker, Jose Arrom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a diabetes education program delivered by community health workers (CHWs) in community settings and to evaluate its effectiveness in improving glycemic control and self-management skills in Hispanics/Latinos with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Trained CHWs recruited Hispanic/Latino community residents with self-reported type 2 diabetes, implemented intervention in nonclinical locations, and collected data on diabetes knowledge, self-care behaviors, self-efficacy, depression, A1C, weight, and blood pressure. Classes applied participatory techniques and were delivered in 2-hour group sessions over 10 weeks. Two focus groups collected qualitative postintervention data. Results: Seventy participants enrolled, and 47 completed pretest and posttest data. Improvements were significant for A1C (P = .001) and systolic blood pressure (P = .006). Other positive outcomes were diabetes knowledge, physical activity, spacing carbohydrates, following a healthy eating plan, and eating fruits and vegetables. Improved behaviors also included foot care, glucose self-monitoring, and medication adherence. Depressive symptoms showed a positive trend in intent-to-treat analysis (P =. 07), but self-efficacy did not change significantly (P =. 142). Qualitative information reported an increase in participants' perceived competence in self-care and a positive influence of CHWs in participants' compliance with the program. Conclusions: A diabetes self-management education program for Hispanics/Latinos led by CHWs can be implemented in community settings and may effectively improve behavioral skills and glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-594
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes Educator
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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    Castillo, A., Giachello, A., Bates, R., Concha, J., Ramirez, V., Sanchez, C., Pinsker, E., & Arrom, J. (2010). Community-based diabetes education for latinos: The diabetes empowerment education program. Diabetes Educator, 36(4), 586-594. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721710371524