Community Health and Employee Work Performance in the American Manufacturing Environment

Megan Colleen McHugh*, Dustin Douglas French, Diane Farley, Claude R. Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Jane Louise Holl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.52–3.04], and employees living in communities with high rates of drug overdose deaths had higher rates of ABT (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.29–1.77). In one plant, the annual value of lost wages due to ABT was over $1.3 million per year. Employees reported that poor community health (e.g., poverty, caregiving burdens, family dysfunction, drug use) resulted in “mental stress” leading to distraction, poor job performance, and more rarely, lapses in safety. These findings bolster the case for greater private sector investment in community health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-184
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

Fingerprint

Occupational Health
manufacturing
employee
Absenteeism
absenteeism
health
community
performance
Health
confidence
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Drug Overdose
Lunch
job performance
Private Sector
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Poverty
caregiving
Work Performance

Keywords

  • Absenteeism
  • Case study
  • Community health
  • Manufacturing
  • Mixed methods
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{1157a80dcc8442778ab941ee37835cc3,
title = "Community Health and Employee Work Performance in the American Manufacturing Environment",
abstract = "Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.76, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 2.52–3.04], and employees living in communities with high rates of drug overdose deaths had higher rates of ABT (OR 1.51, 95{\%} CI 1.29–1.77). In one plant, the annual value of lost wages due to ABT was over $1.3 million per year. Employees reported that poor community health (e.g., poverty, caregiving burdens, family dysfunction, drug use) resulted in “mental stress” leading to distraction, poor job performance, and more rarely, lapses in safety. These findings bolster the case for greater private sector investment in community health.",
keywords = "Absenteeism, Case study, Community health, Manufacturing, Mixed methods, Public health",
author = "McHugh, {Megan Colleen} and French, {Dustin Douglas} and Diane Farley and Maechling, {Claude R.} and Dunlop, {Dorothy D} and Holl, {Jane Louise}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1007/s10900-018-0570-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "178--184",
journal = "Journal of Community Health",
issn = "0094-5145",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

Community Health and Employee Work Performance in the American Manufacturing Environment. / McHugh, Megan Colleen; French, Dustin Douglas; Farley, Diane; Maechling, Claude R.; Dunlop, Dorothy D; Holl, Jane Louise.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 44, No. 1, 15.02.2019, p. 178-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Community Health and Employee Work Performance in the American Manufacturing Environment

AU - McHugh, Megan Colleen

AU - French, Dustin Douglas

AU - Farley, Diane

AU - Maechling, Claude R.

AU - Dunlop, Dorothy D

AU - Holl, Jane Louise

PY - 2019/2/15

Y1 - 2019/2/15

N2 - Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.52–3.04], and employees living in communities with high rates of drug overdose deaths had higher rates of ABT (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.29–1.77). In one plant, the annual value of lost wages due to ABT was over $1.3 million per year. Employees reported that poor community health (e.g., poverty, caregiving burdens, family dysfunction, drug use) resulted in “mental stress” leading to distraction, poor job performance, and more rarely, lapses in safety. These findings bolster the case for greater private sector investment in community health.

AB - Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.52–3.04], and employees living in communities with high rates of drug overdose deaths had higher rates of ABT (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.29–1.77). In one plant, the annual value of lost wages due to ABT was over $1.3 million per year. Employees reported that poor community health (e.g., poverty, caregiving burdens, family dysfunction, drug use) resulted in “mental stress” leading to distraction, poor job performance, and more rarely, lapses in safety. These findings bolster the case for greater private sector investment in community health.

KW - Absenteeism

KW - Case study

KW - Community health

KW - Manufacturing

KW - Mixed methods

KW - Public health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053468729&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053468729&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10900-018-0570-5

DO - 10.1007/s10900-018-0570-5

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 178

EP - 184

JO - Journal of Community Health

JF - Journal of Community Health

SN - 0094-5145

IS - 1

ER -