Community skill performance and its association with the ability to perform everyday tasks by stroke survivors one year following rehabilitation discharge

Elliot J Roth*, Linda Lovell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Stroke survivors experience functional loss in basic activities of daily living (ADLs) and in everyday community activities or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Historically there has been a greater focus by rehabilitation professionals on basic ADLs than on IADLs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between the ability to perform ADLs and community activities in a large group of stroke patients measured 1 year following rehabilitation discharge. Method: A structured survey was administered by telephone. Outcome measures were the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI), a measure of IADL, and the FIM™, a measure of disability. Results: Visual inspection of the relationship between FAI scores and FIM™ scores revealed that the data largely followed a curvilinear pattern. Curve estimation regression models were used to determine the line of best fit. A cubic function was found to give a good fit with an R2 of 0.644. The three activities in which stroke patients most frequently engaged were social outings, walking outside for more than 15 minutes, and local shopping. The three activities in which stroke patients engaged the least were gainful work, gardening outside, and household/car maintenance. Conclusion: A score of approximately 80 or greater on the FIM™ was associated with a substantially increased level of participation in home and community activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalTopics in stroke rehabilitation
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Disability evaluation
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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