Colon carcinoma arising in inflammatory bowel disease often exhibits aggressive behavior compared to sporadic carcinomas. The rationale for the different biological behaviors of these two groups of tumors is not fully understood. In this study, we have examined carcinomas arising in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and sporadic carcinomas (SCA) for molecular differences that may provide clues for the behavioral disparity of these tumors. Thirty-eight colon carcinomas (12 from ulcerative colitis, 5 from Crohn's disease, and 21 SCA) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for cell adhesion molecules (E-cadherin, β-catenin, CD44), cell cycle regulatory proteins (cyclin D1, p27, p21), mismatch repair proteins (hMLH1, hMSH2), cyclooxygenase-2 and DPC4. Carcinomas arising in IBD showed significant decrease in expression of cell adhesion molecules, the cell cycle inhibitor protein, p21, and increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 compared to sporadic carcinomas. No differences were observed in the expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins p27, cyclin D1, DPC4 and mismatch repair proteins between these two groups of tumors. Decreased expression of p21 as well as adhesion molecules may provide increased impetus for the aggressive behavior of tumors arising in inflammatory bowel disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 1 2004|
- Colon cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research