Comparative distribution of tau phosphorylated at Ser262 in pre-tangles and tangles

Jane Lauckner, Peter Frey, Changiz Geula*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The Phospho-Ser262 epitope of phosphorylated tau, which accumulates in tangles in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, has been shown to have a strong disruptive effect on microtubules. Using antibodies which specifically recognize the Phospho-Ser262 of tau, we compared the presence of this epitope in normal appearing neurons (pre-tangles) and tangles, with the presence of Phospho-Ser199/202 (AT-8) and Phospho-Ser 396/404 (PHF-1) epitopes. All antibodies visualized lightly or darkly stained pre-tangles, neurons with immunoreactive clumps, intracellular and extracellular tangles. Pre-tangles were more abundant in control cases which showed some pathology, when compared with AD brains. Immunoreactivity for Phospho-Ser262 was preferentially present in intracellular and extracellular tangles and was found in a significantly smaller number of pre-tangles when compared with the other epitopes. These results indicate the presence of various epitopes of Phospho-Tau in a substantial number of pre-tangles which may represent an early marker of tangle formation. The differential distribution of various epitopes suggests that the presence of the Phospho-Ser262 epitope of tau either accelerates the transition form pre-tangle to tangle, or appears later than the other epitopes in the process of tangle formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2003


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Neurofibrillary tangles
  • Phospho-Ser
  • Phospho-Tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • General Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology


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