Comparative top down proteomics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from kidney transplant recipients with normal kidney biopsies or acute rejection

John P. Savaryn, Timothy K. Toby, Adam D. Catherman, Ryan T. Fellers, Richard D. LeDuc, Paul M. Thomas, John J. Friedewald, Daniel R. Salomon, Michael M. Abecassis, Neil L. Kelleher*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies utilizing transcriptomics, metabolomics, and bottom up proteomics have identified molecular signatures of kidney allograft pathology. Although these results make significant progress toward non-invasive differential diagnostics of dysfunction of a transplanted kidney, they provide little information on the intact, often modified, protein molecules present during progression of this pathology. Because intact proteins underpin diverse biological processes, measuring the relative abundance of their modified forms promises to advance mechanistic understanding, and might provide a new class of biomarker candidates. Here, we used top down proteomics to inventory the modified forms of whole proteins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) taken at the time of kidney biopsy for 40 kidney allograft recipients either with healthy transplants or those suffering acute rejection. Supported by gas-phase fragmentation of whole protein ions during tandem mass spectrometry, we identified 344 proteins mapping to 2905 distinct molecular forms (proteoforms). Using an initial implementation of a label-free approach to quantitative top down proteomics, we obtained evidence suggesting relative abundance changes in 111 proteoforms between the two patient groups. Collectively, our work is the first to catalog intact protein molecules in PBMCs and suggests differentially abundant proteoforms for further analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2048-2058
Number of pages11
JournalProteomics
Volume16
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Biomedicine
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Proteoform
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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