Comparing evolution of precipitates and strength upon aging of cast and laser-remelted Al–8Ce-0.2Sc-0.1Zr (wt.%)

Jovid U. Rakhmonov*, David Weiss, David C. Dunand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The microstructural evolutions, upon solidification and subsequent aging, and associated hardening effects for both cast and laser-surface-remelted Al–8Ce-0.2Sc-0.1Zr (wt.%) hypo-eutectic alloy are investigated with focus on precipitation and coarsening behavior of their Al11Ce3 and L12-Al3(Sc,Zr) precipitates. Laser surface remelting, which produces solidification conditions typical of additive manufacturing (AM) processes, suppresses formation of undesirable primary Al11Ce3 and Al3(Sc,Zr) precipitates on solidification. It also greatly refines the interlamellar spacing of the eutectic Al11Ce3 phase, thus enhancing the Orowan strengthening effect as compared to the cast alloy, beyond the load-transfer effect from the Al11Ce3 phase. Subsequent aging at 325 °C leads to further hardening of both alloys due to secondary Al3(Sc,Zr) nanoprecipitation, with much more pronounced hardness increases in the laser-remelted alloy, owing to a higher number density of finer Al3(Sc,Zr) nanoprecipitates, as compared to the cast alloy. This improvement is rationalized by an enhancement of Al3(Sc,Zr) nucleation rate upon aging of laser-remelted alloy, as compared to the cast alloy, considering differences in elemental supersaturation within the α-Al regions of these alloys. Prolonged aging, up to 1000 h, at 325 °C causes the hardness of both alloys to decline relatively slowly, implying that this alloy is suitable for AM processes and subsequent applications where high strength and good heat resistance are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142990
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
StatePublished - Apr 18 2022


  • Al(Sc,Zr) nanoprecipitates
  • Al-Ce alloys
  • Casting
  • Laser surface remelting
  • Strengthening mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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