Purpose: To evaluate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment allocation, deviation from BCLC first-treatment recommendation, and outcomes following multidisciplinary, individualized approach. Methods: Treatment-naïve HCC discussed at multidisciplinary tumor board (MDT) between 2010 and 2013 were included to allow minimum 5 years of follow-up. MDT first-treatment recommendation (resection, transplant, ablation, transarterial radioembolization (Y90), transarterial chemoembolization, sorafenib, palliation) was documented, as were subsequent treatments. Overall survival (OS) analyses were performed on an intention-to-treat (ITT) basis, stratified by BCLC stage. Results: Three hundred and twenty-one patients were treated in the 4-year period. Median age was 62 years, predominantly male (73%), hepatitis C (41%), and Y90 initial treatment (52%). There was a 76% rate of BCLC-discordant first-treatment. Median OS was not reached (57% alive at 10 years), 51.0 months, 25.4 months and 13.4 months for BCLC stages A, B, C and D, respectively. Conclusion: Deviation from BCLC guidelines was very common when individualized, MDT treatment recommendations were made. This approach yielded expected OS in BCLC A, and exceeded general guideline expectations for BCLC B, C and D. These results suggest that while guidelines are helpful, implementing a more personalized approach that incorporates center expertise, patient-specific characteristics, and the known multi-directional treatment allocation process, improves patient outcomes.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- Multi-disciplinary tumor board
- Personalized care
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine