Comparison Between S2-Alar-Iliac Screw Fixation and Iliac Screw Fixation in Adult Deformity Surgery: Reoperation Rates and Spinopelvic Parameters

Wataru Ishida, Benjamin D. Elder*, Christina Holmes, Sheng Fu L. Lo, C. Rory Goodwin, Thomas A. Kosztowski, Ali Bydon, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Jean Paul Wolinsky, Daniel M. Sciubba, Timothy F. Witham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: The S2-alar-iliac (S2AI) technique has been described as an alternative method for pelvic fixation in place of iliac screws (ISs) in spinal deformity surgery. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of S2AI screws on radiographical outcomes, including spinopelvic parameters. Methods: A retrospective review of 17 patients receiving ISs and 46 patients receiving S2AI screws for correction of adult spinal deformity between 2010 and 2015 with minimum 1-year follow-up was conducted. Patient data on postoperative complications, including reoperation rates and proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK), and radiographical parameters was collected and statistically analyzed. Results: With mean follow-up of 21.1 months, the overall reoperation rate was significantly lower in the S2AI group than in the IS group (21.7% vs 58.8%, P =.01), but the incidence of PJK was similar (32.6% vs 35.3%, P >.99). Moreover, the time to reoperation in the IS group was significantly shorter than in the S2AI group (P =.001), and the S2AI group trended toward a longer time to reoperation due to PJK (P =.08). There was a significantly higher change in pelvic incidence (PI) in the S2AI group (−6.0°) compared with the IS group (P =.001). Conclusions: Compared with the IS technique, the S2AI technique demonstrated a lower rate of overall reoperation, a similar rate of PJK, longer time to reoperation, and possible reduction in PI. Future studies may be warranted to clarify the mechanism of these results and how they can be translated into improved patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-680
Number of pages9
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • S2-alar-iliac screw
  • iliac screw
  • lumbar lordosis
  • lumbosacropelvic fixation
  • pelvic incidence
  • proximal junctional failure
  • proximal junctional kyphosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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