During segmental ostial ablation for pulmonary vein isolation, pulmonary vein potentials are easily identified during sinus rhythm or left atrial pacing. Therefore, maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF) during the procedure is desirable. However, cardioversion is occasionally followed by an immediate recurrence of AF. This study compared the efficacy of ibutilide and amiodarone in preventing immediate recurrences of AF in patients who underwent pulmonary vein isolation. The subjects of this study were 25 patients (mean age 56 ± 10 years) who underwent pulmonary vein isolation for AF who had an immediate recurrence of AF within 60 seconds after 2 transthoracic cardioversions. The patients were randomized to receive an infusion of either 300 mg of amiodarone over 10 minutes or 1 mg of ibutilide over 5 minutes. Cardioversion was repeated 15 minutes after the drug infusion. If immediate recurrences of AF occurred 2 more times, the alternative study drug was administered, and cardioversion was repeated. Immediate recurrences of AF were suppressed by amiodarone in 8 of 10 patients (80%), and by ibutilide in 9 of 15 patients (60%, p = 0.4). After crossover, immediate recurrence of AF was suppressed in 2 of 6 patients (33%) by amiodarone, and in 1 of 2 patients (50%) by ibutilide (p = 0.6). Ibutilide and amiodarone, when used alone or in combination, prevented immediate recurrences of AF in 20 of 25 patients (80%). There were no adverse drug effects. Ibutilide and amiodarone were equally effective in suppressing immediate recurrences of AF. Overall, immediate recurrences of AF can be prevented by amiodarone and/or ibutilide in 80% of patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine