Characteristics of human hepatoma cell lines with the wild-type p53 were compared with those of human hepatoma cell lines with the mutant-type p53. The p21 protein located downstream of p53 was expressed in cell lines with the wild-type p53 but was not expressed in cell lines with the mutant-type p53. As to other tumor suppressor genes such as p16 and p27, there was no difference in their expression between both types of cell lines. In addition, no marked difference was observed in the activities of CDK2 and CDK4 between cell lines with the wild-type and the mutant-type p53. Phosphorylated Rb protein was detected in all cell lines except the HLE line, indicating that this cell line may have a deletion of and/or a mutation of the Rb gene. These results indicate that abnormalities of tumor suppressor genes other than p53, p16, p27, and Rb may be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. The population doubling time of the wild-type p53 cells was significantly longer than that of the mutant p53 cells. Neither type of cell line showed a specific chromosome distribution which would indicate karyotype instability. The cell lines expressing the wild-type p53 produced tumors at lower frequency than those with the mutant p53 gene. Although there was no significant difference in effects of TGF-β1, EGF, cholera toxin, and db-cAMP on cell growth between the two types of cells, all three cell lines with the wild-type p53 were resistant to cytotoxicity of TNF-α, while two of the three with the mutant p53 were very sensitive to its cytotoxic effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Acta Medica Okayama|
|State||Published - Dec 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)