Comparison of eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent and young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus and phenylketonuria

Jeanne E. Antisdel, Joan C. Chrisler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the eating attitudes and behaviors associated with two chronic diseases that have strong dietary treatment components: type 1 diabetes mellitus and phenylketonuria (PKU). Participants consisted of female campers and staff members who were attending one of two summer camps that specialize in the care of females with type 1 diabetes mellitus (N = 54) and PKU (N = 30). Eating attitudes and behaviors, psychological adjustment, and disease-specific knowledge were assessed using standardized and nonstandardized self-report questionnaires. There was no overall difference in the presence of disordered eating symptomatology between those with diabetes and those with PKU. However, differences in patterns of eating attitudes and behaviors were observed. The data suggest that living with chronic diseases which are treated with dietary management may adversely affect eating attitudes and behaviors and may increase susceptibility to the development of eating disturbances. J Dev Behav Pediatr 21:81-86, 2000. Index terms: type 1 diabetes mellitus, phenylketonuria, eating problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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