Background: Concealed entrainment has been useful in guiding catheter ablation of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia in patients with coronary artery disease. However, not all sites with concealed entrainment result in successful ablation of the targeted ventricular tachycardia. The purpose of this prospective study was to identify factors at sites that demonstrate concealed entrainment that differentiate effective from ineffective target sites. Methods and Results: In 14 consecutive patients with hemodynamically stable monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and coronary artery disease, radiofrequency ablation of 26 ventricular tachycardias was performed. Ablation was attempted at 46 sites that demonstrated concealed entrainment. Twenty-five of the targeted ventricular tachycardias (96%) were successfully ablated. The positive predictive value of concealed entrainment for successful ablation was 54%; it increased to 72% in the presence of a stimulus-QRS interval/ventricular tachycardia cycle length ratio of ≤70%, to 82% in the presence of a match of the stimulus-QRS and electrogram-QRS interval, and to 89% in the presence of isolated middiastolic potentials that could not be dissociated from ventricular tachycardia during entrainment. Conclusions: The positive predictive value of concealed entrainment for identification of successful ablation sites in patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia and coronary artery disease can be significantly enhanced by the presence of associated mapping criteria, particularly an isolated mid diastolic potential that cannot be dissociated front the tachycardia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)