Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and increases the morbidity and cost. Amiodarone reduces AF after CABG. Ranolazine, an antianginal agent, also prolongs atrial refractoriness and inhibits after depolarizations and triggered activity; effects that could decrease AF after CABG. The present study compared amiodarone versus ranolazine for the prevention of AF after CABG. A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing CABG at Aspirus Hospital from June 2008 to April 2010. The patients received either amiodarone (400 mg preoperatively followed by 200 mg twice daily for 10 to 14 days) or ranolazine (1,500 mg preoperatively followed by 1,000 mg twice daily for 10 to 14 days). The primary end point was any identified AF after CABG. A total of 393 consecutive patients undergoing CABG (mean age 65 ± 10 years, 72% men) received either amiodarone (n = 211 [53.7%]) or ranolazine (n = 182 [46.3%]). AF occurred in 26.5% of the amiodarone-treated patients compared to 17.5% of the ranolazine-treated patient (p = 0.035). The univariate predictors of AF included amiodarone use, age, chronic lung disease, and congestive heart failure. The multivariate predictors of AF included amiodarone use (odds ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 2.91, p = 0.045 vs ranolazine), age (odds ratio 2.2 per 10 years, 95% confidence interval 1.63 to 2.95, p <0.001), and chronic lung disease (odds ratio 1.86, 95% confidence interval 1.00 to 3.43, p = 0.049). No difference was found in the risk of adverse events between the 2 therapies. In conclusion, ranolazine was independently associated with a significant reduction of AF compared to amiodarone after CABG, with no difference in the incidence of adverse events. Randomized studies should be conducted to confirm these results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine