OBJECTIVE. Catheter-based intraarterial injections of gadolinium are useful during MR imaging-guided endovascular procedures to generate rapid vascular road maps. Using an animal model of renal artery stenosis, we tested the hypothesis that intraarterial gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography is as accurate as IV gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). We also tested the hypothesis that intraarterial MR angiography uses less gadolinium than IV MR angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We induced bilateral renal artery stenosis in five pigs. All pigs underwent comparative imaging with DSA, IV MR angiography, and aortic catheter-directed intraarterial MR angiography. For IV and intraarterial MR angiography, we used the same three-dimensional acquisition. We assessed differences in quantitative stenosis measurements among DSA, IV MR angiography, and intraarterial MR angiography using the Wilcoxon's signed rank test. RESULTS. Mean stenosis measurements (±SD) were as follows: DSA, 58% ± 12%; IV MR angiography, 63% ± 9.3%; and intraarterial MR angiography, 64% ± 11%. There were no statistically significant differences in accuracy between DSA and IV MR angiography (p = 0.06), DSA and intraarterial MR angiography (p = 0.16), or IV and intraarterial MR angiography (p = 0.70). Intraarterial MR angiography used a mean gadolinium dose of 5.6 mL, compared with 9 mL for IV MR angiography. CONCLUSION. In swine, IV and intraarterial MR angiography have a similar accuracy for detecting renal artery stenosis. Intraarterial MR angiography uses smaller doses of injected gadolinium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging