Comparison of Intramuscular and Surface Electromyography Recordings towards the Control of Wearable Robots for Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation

Camila Rodrigues, Marvin Fernandéz, Álvaro Megia, Natalia Comino, António Del-Ama, Ángel Gil-Agudo, Moon Ki Jung, Silvia Muceli, Dario Farina, Juan Moreno, José Luis Pons, Filipe O. Barroso

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) affects thousands of people worldwide every year. SCI patients have disrupted muscle recruitment and are more predisposed to other complications. To recover or enhance lower limbs functions, conventional rehabilitation programs are typically used. More recently, conventional programs have been combined with robot-assisted training. Electromyography (EMG) activity is generally used to record the electrical activity of the muscles, which in turn can be used to control robotic assistive devices as orthoses, prostheses and exoskeletons. In this sense, surface EMG can be used as input to myoelectric control but presents some limitations such as myoelectric crosstalk, as well as the influence of motion artefacts, and electromagnetic noise. EMG can also be recorded using intramuscular detection systems, which allows the detection of electric potentials closer to the muscle fibres and the recording of EMG activity from deeper muscles. This paper evaluates the quality of intramuscular EMG recordings compared to surface EMG signals, as a preliminary step to control EMG-driven exoskeletons. Seven healthy subjects performed submaximal knee and ankle flexion/extension movements with and without the use of a lower limb exoskeleton. Intramuscular recordings presented early muscle activation detecting times, which is a very important feature in real-time control, and good signal-to-noise ratio values, showing the potential of these biosignals as reliable input measures to control exoskeletons for rehabilitation purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages564-569
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728159072
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Event8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020 - New York City, United States
Duration: Nov 29 2020Dec 1 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics
Volume2020-November
ISSN (Print)2155-1774

Conference

Conference8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
CountryUnited States
CityNew York City
Period11/29/2012/1/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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