Comparison of Perioperative Outcomes and Clinical Characteristics of Calcium, Matrix and Struvite Stones From a Single Institution

Matthew S. Lee*, Mary Soyster, Andre Woloshuk, Mark Assmus, Deepak Agarwal, Tim Large, Amy Krambeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To define risk factors and perioperative outcomes for matrix stones and compare these outcomes with struvite and calcium stone cohorts. Methods: A retrospective cohort study comparing matrix stones (n=32), struvite stones (n=23) and a matched, calcium stone control group (n=32) was performed. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the groups for continuous variables. Chi-square tests were used to compare categorical variables. Significance was set at P <.05. All statistical tests were performed using R (v1.73). Results: We identified no differences in age, gender, or BMI between the three groups. Matrix and struvite stones were more likely to have a history of prior stone surgery and recurrent UTIs compared to calcium stones (P=.027 and P <.001, respectively). Struvite stones were more likely to present as staghorn calculi compared to matrix or calcium stones (56.5% vs 21.7% vs 18.8%, P=.006). There were no significant differences in postoperative stone free rates (P=.378). No significant differences in postoperative infectious complications were identified. Matrix stones were more likely to have Candida on stone culture compared to the struvite or calcium stones (P <.0001). Conclusion: Matrix and struvite stones were more likely have a history of stone surgery and preoperative recurrent UTIs. Struvite stones were more likely to present as staghorn calculi. Matrix stones were more likely to have Candida present in stone cultures. However, no difference in postoperative infectious outcomes or stone free rates were identified. Further study with larger cohorts is necessary to distinguish matrix stone postoperative outcomes from struvite and calcium stones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume161
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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