Comparison of the peroxisome proliferator-induced pleiotropic response in the liver of nine strains of mice

R. S. Dwivedi, K. Alvares, M. R. Nemali, V. Subbarao, M. K. Reddy, M. I. Usman, A. W. Rademaker, J. K. Reddy, M. S. Rao

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Abstract

We have investigated the hepatic effect of ciprofibrate, a potent peroxisomal proliferator, in 9 strains of mice to ascertain whether all strains show similar peroxisome proliferation or if there are any that are resistant to the induction of peroxisome proliferation. Dietary feeding of ciprofibrate at 2 concentrations (0.0125% or 0.025% w/w) for 2 weeks resulted in a significant increase in liver weight (170 to 200%) and a 7- to 11-fold increase in volume density of peroxisomes. Catalase and peroxisomal β-oxidation enzymes increased by 1.7- to 2.7- and 1.9- to 9.3-fold, respectively, over the controls. SDS-polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis of post-nuclear fractions of livers showed a marked increase in 80,000-mol. wt. polypeptide. Immunocytochemical studies, as expected, revealed higher levels of PBE. Ciprofibrate treatment also induced hepatic DNA synthesis in all strains as determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation and autoradiography. Dot blot analysis of total RNA from livers of ciprofibrate-treated mice (5 strains) showed a significant increase in peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-Coa dehydrogenase bifunctional enzyme (PBE) mRNA. When the 9 strains were ranked for each parameter, CBA/Ca was the last responsive mouse strain and the B6C3F1 was the most responsive. However, the results of this study indicate that there is no significant interstrain difference in rankings across strains to ciprofibrate-induced hepatic pleiotropic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Volume17
Issue number1 I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology

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