Comparison of the puborectal muscle on MRI in women with POP and levator ani defects with those with normal support and no defect

John O.L. DeLancey, Helle Christina Sørensen, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Tovia M. Smith*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: The objective of this study was to compare puborectal muscle integrity and bulk in women with both major levator ani (LA) defects on MRI and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) to women with normal LA muscle and normal support. Methods: This is a case-control study comparing 24 cases with known major LA defects and POP to 24 controls with normal LA and normal support. Axial T-2 weighted MRI scans of the pelvis were evaluated for integrity of the puborectal muscle and degree of muscle bulk. Results: There were no significant group differences in age, body mass index, vaginal deliveries, or hysterectomy status. In all 48 subjects, the puborectal muscle was visible and had no disruption noted. There was no difference in muscle bulk between groups (control/case, thin 42% vs. 25%, average 42% vs. 38%, thick-17% vs. 38%; P=0.47). Conclusions: Defects and loss of muscle bulk in the puborectal muscle are not seen on MRI in women with major LA defects and POP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Levator ani
  • Pelvic organ prolapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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