Comparison of three weight-for-height indices in blood pressure studies in children

Cahol Ballew*, Kiang Liu, Sophie Levinson, Jeremiah Stamler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Associations between blood pressures and three indices commonly used to assess relative obesity (weight (kg)/height (m)2, weight (kg)/height (m)3, and weight (kg)/height (m)o) were examined in a multiracial sample of children attending private schools in Chicago, Illinois. The 1,723 boys and 1,878 girls were 5-10 years old at the time of the survey (1975-1978). Inclusion of white, black, Hispanic, and Asian children permitted comparison of the relation between anthropometric variables and blood pressures across racial groups. The three weight-for-height indices used as estimates of relative obesity yielded nearly identical regression models, suggesting that, in spite of ongoing debate about the most appropriate index for describing relative obesity in children, it makes little difference which index is used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-537
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1990


  • Blood pressure
  • Body height
  • Body weight
  • Child
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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