Comparison of voice F0 responses to pitch-shift onset and offset conditions (L)

Charles R. Larson*, Theresa A. Burnett, Jay J. Bauer, Swathi Kiran, Timothy C. Hain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


In order to maintain a steady voice fundamental frequency (F0), it is assumed that people compare their auditory feedback pitch with an internal (memory) or external (acoustic) referent. In the present study we examined whether the internal referent is fixed or variable by comparing voice F0 responses to incorrect auditory feedback in two timing conditions. In one condition, the incorrect pitch was introduced during vocalization (ON condition). In the second, the incorrect auditory feedback pitch was presented before vocal onset and then removed during vocalization (OFF condition). These conditions were examined with pitch-shift stimuli of ±25, 100, and 200 cents. There were no differences in response latency or magnitude between the two timing conditions, indicating that for a sustained-pitch vocalization task, the internal referent is not fixed. Several alternative types of referencing are discussed, which include use of a pitch relative to that which existed at the onset of vocalization (a sample and hold strategy) and pitch velocity referencing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2845-2848
Number of pages4
Journaljournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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