Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization

Ying Tao*, Andrew H. Lebovitz, John M Torkelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

While addition of block copolymer during melt mixing of immiscible polymer blends has yielded compatibilization in small-scale academic studies, it has not been commercially successful due to thermodynamic and kinetic limitations. We show that addition of a commercially available styrene/ethylene-butylene/styrene triblock copolymer to an immiscible polystyrenepolyethylene blend during solid-state shear pulverization (SSSP) can substantially reduce coarsening in subsequent melt processing. In comparison with blends made by melt mixing, blends mixed by SSSP led to coarsening of the dispersed phase during high temperature annealing that was reduced by more than an order of magnitude. We believe that mixing block copolymer with the blend by SSSP yields greater levels of block copolymer near the interfacial regions as compared to melt processing. By overcoming the thermodynamic limitation of block copolymer micelle formation during melt processing, block copolymer addition via SSSP offers a commercially viable strategy for blend compatibilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings
Pages313-317
Number of pages5
Volume6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
EventSociety of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: May 1 2005May 5 2005

Other

OtherSociety of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period5/1/055/5/05

Fingerprint

Block copolymers
Compatibilizers
Coarsening
Styrene
Processing
Thermodynamics
Polymer blends
Micelles
Pulverization
Ethylene
Annealing
Kinetics
Temperature

Keywords

  • Blend
  • Block copolymer
  • Compatibilization
  • Pulverization
  • SSSP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Tao, Y., Lebovitz, A. H., & Torkelson, J. M. (2005). Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization. In Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings (Vol. 6, pp. 313-317)
Tao, Ying ; Lebovitz, Andrew H. ; Torkelson, John M. / Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization. Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings. Vol. 6 2005. pp. 313-317
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Tao, Y, Lebovitz, AH & Torkelson, JM 2005, Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization. in Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings. vol. 6, pp. 313-317, Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005, Boston, MA, United States, 5/1/05.

Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization. / Tao, Ying; Lebovitz, Andrew H.; Torkelson, John M.

Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings. Vol. 6 2005. p. 313-317.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Lebovitz, Andrew H.

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N2 - While addition of block copolymer during melt mixing of immiscible polymer blends has yielded compatibilization in small-scale academic studies, it has not been commercially successful due to thermodynamic and kinetic limitations. We show that addition of a commercially available styrene/ethylene-butylene/styrene triblock copolymer to an immiscible polystyrenepolyethylene blend during solid-state shear pulverization (SSSP) can substantially reduce coarsening in subsequent melt processing. In comparison with blends made by melt mixing, blends mixed by SSSP led to coarsening of the dispersed phase during high temperature annealing that was reduced by more than an order of magnitude. We believe that mixing block copolymer with the blend by SSSP yields greater levels of block copolymer near the interfacial regions as compared to melt processing. By overcoming the thermodynamic limitation of block copolymer micelle formation during melt processing, block copolymer addition via SSSP offers a commercially viable strategy for blend compatibilization.

AB - While addition of block copolymer during melt mixing of immiscible polymer blends has yielded compatibilization in small-scale academic studies, it has not been commercially successful due to thermodynamic and kinetic limitations. We show that addition of a commercially available styrene/ethylene-butylene/styrene triblock copolymer to an immiscible polystyrenepolyethylene blend during solid-state shear pulverization (SSSP) can substantially reduce coarsening in subsequent melt processing. In comparison with blends made by melt mixing, blends mixed by SSSP led to coarsening of the dispersed phase during high temperature annealing that was reduced by more than an order of magnitude. We believe that mixing block copolymer with the blend by SSSP yields greater levels of block copolymer near the interfacial regions as compared to melt processing. By overcoming the thermodynamic limitation of block copolymer micelle formation during melt processing, block copolymer addition via SSSP offers a commercially viable strategy for blend compatibilization.

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Tao Y, Lebovitz AH, Torkelson JM. Compatibilizing immiscible blends with block copolymers and pulverization. In Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference 2005, ANTEC 2005 - Conference Proceedings. Vol. 6. 2005. p. 313-317