Complementary assays reveal a relationship between HIV-1 uncoating and reverse transcription

Amy E. Hulme, Omar Perez, Thomas J. Hope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

197 Scopus citations


During the early stages of HIV-1 replication the conical capsid composed of p24 CA protein dissociates from the rest of the cytoplasmic viral complex by a process called uncoating. Although proper uncoating is known to be required for HIV-1 infection, many questions remain about the timing and factors involved in the process. Here we have used two complementary assays to study the process of uncoating in HIV-1-infected cells, specifically looking at the timing of uncoating and its relationship to reverse transcription. We developed a fluorescent microscopy-based uncoating assay that detects the association of p24 CA with HIV-1 viral complexes in cells. We also used an owl monkey kidney (OMK) cell assay that is based on timed TRIM-CypA-mediated restriction of HIV-1 replication. Results from both assays indicate that uncoating is initiated within 1 h of viral fusion. In addition, treatment with the reverse transcriptase inhibitor nevirapine delayed uncoating in both assays. Analysis of reverse transcription products in OMK cells revealed that the generation of early reverse transcription products coincides with the timing of uncoating in these assays. Collectively, these results suggest that some aspect of reverse transcription has the ability to influence the kinetics of uncoating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9975-9980
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number24
StatePublished - Jun 14 2011


  • Early events
  • Retrovirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Complementary assays reveal a relationship between HIV-1 uncoating and reverse transcription'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this