TY - JOUR

T1 - Complete four-loop four-point amplitude in N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory

AU - Bern, Z.

AU - Carrasco, John Joseph

AU - Dixon, L. J.

AU - Johansson, H.

AU - Roiban, R.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present the complete four-loop four-point amplitude in N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory, for a general gauge group and general D-dimensional covariant kinematics, and including all nonplanar contributions. We use the method of maximal cuts-an efficient application of the unitarity method-to construct the result in terms of 50 four-loop integrals. We give graphical rules, valid in D dimensions, for obtaining various nonplanar contributions from previously-determined terms. We examine the ultraviolet behavior of the amplitude near D=11/2. The nonplanar terms are as well-behaved in the ultraviolet as the planar terms. However, in the color decomposition of the three- and four-loop amplitude for an SU(Nc) gauge group, the coefficients of the double-trace terms are better behaved in the ultraviolet than are the single-trace terms. The results from this paper were an important step toward obtaining the corresponding amplitude in N=8 supergravity, which confirmed the existence of cancellations beyond those needed for ultraviolet finiteness at four loops in four dimensions. Evaluation of the loop integrals near D=4 would permit tests of recent conjectures and results concerning the infrared behavior of four-dimensional massless gauge theory.

AB - We present the complete four-loop four-point amplitude in N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory, for a general gauge group and general D-dimensional covariant kinematics, and including all nonplanar contributions. We use the method of maximal cuts-an efficient application of the unitarity method-to construct the result in terms of 50 four-loop integrals. We give graphical rules, valid in D dimensions, for obtaining various nonplanar contributions from previously-determined terms. We examine the ultraviolet behavior of the amplitude near D=11/2. The nonplanar terms are as well-behaved in the ultraviolet as the planar terms. However, in the color decomposition of the three- and four-loop amplitude for an SU(Nc) gauge group, the coefficients of the double-trace terms are better behaved in the ultraviolet than are the single-trace terms. The results from this paper were an important step toward obtaining the corresponding amplitude in N=8 supergravity, which confirmed the existence of cancellations beyond those needed for ultraviolet finiteness at four loops in four dimensions. Evaluation of the loop integrals near D=4 would permit tests of recent conjectures and results concerning the infrared behavior of four-dimensional massless gauge theory.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.125040

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.125040

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:78651317930

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 82

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 12

M1 - 125040

ER -