Completion Corpus Callosotomy with Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Drug-Resistant, Intractable Epilepsy

Sean Sachdev, Timothy L. Sita, Nathan A. Shlobin, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan, Roy Sucholeiki, Jean Régis, S. Kathleen Bandt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) offers a noninvasive technique for division of the corpus callosum, which can confer improved seizure control to patients suffering from frequent atonic seizures due to rapid interhemispheric generalization. This noninvasive approach is well-suited for use in a palliative intervention for improved seizure control in this patient population. To our knowledge, this is the first report of radiosurgical completion corpus callosotomy in an adult in the United States. Case Description: A 20-year-old ambidextrous nonverbal man with a history of refractory generalized epilepsy status post open anterior corpus callosotomy at age 10 years, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and autism presented after 2 years of incremental, progressive deterioration in seizure control and behavior including 1 year. The family decided to pursue SRS corpus callosotomy. Under general anesthesia, a volume of interest encompassing a full midsagittal plane of the corpus callosum was defined to deliver 60 Gy to the 50% isodose line fully encompassing the target. Gamma Knife was used with 2 isocenters at 90° and 1 at 110° and isodose lines of 60, 20, and 12 Gy. Treatment was carried out without difficulty or complications while the patient remained under close monitoring. The patient was discharged the next day with a 2-week taper of dexamethasone. Conclusions: Eight months postradiosurgical corpus callosotomy, the patient is free of atonic seizures and is ambulatory. In carefully selected cases and with protective radiosurgical planning, SRS for completion corpus callosotomy represents an effective option for refractory seizure control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-444
Number of pages5
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume143
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Corpus callosotomy
  • Epilepsy
  • Radiosurgery
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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