Antireflux surgery was performed in 234 children over a 5-year period; 153 were neurologically impaired (NI) and 81 were neurologically normal (NN). Initial presentation, demographic data, and type of antireflux operation were similar in the two groups. Eighty-six percent of the NI group versus 30% of the NN group had gastrostomy tubes placed. The incidence of late postoperative complications was 26% in the NI group and 12% in the NN group (P < .01). During the late postoperative period, NI children underwent reoperation four times as frequently as NN children (19% v 5%, respectively; P < .01). Wrap herniation accounted for 38% of complications and 59% of reoperations in the late postoperative period. Mortality due to aspiration occurred in 9% of the NI group versus 1% of the NN group. Combined failure rate (reoperation plus aspiration-induced deaths) was 28% in NI and 6% in NN (P < .01). We conclude that neurological status is the major predictor of operative success and that wrap herniation due to crural disruption is the most common cause of operative failure.
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- surgical procedures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health