Composite score of physiomechanical esophageal function using functional lumen imaging probe panometry in eosinophilic esophagitis

Dustin A. Carlson*, Ikuo Hirano, Nirmala Gonsalves, Peter J. Kahrilas, Isis K. Araujo, Mira Yang, Marie Pier Tetreault, John E. Pandolfino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background and Aims: The evaluation provided by functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP) panometry includes esophageal distensibility/compliance (mechanics) of the esophageal body and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) and esophageal motility (secondary peristalsis). We developed a composite score using these parameters to characterize physiomechanical function in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Methods: Two hundred fifteen adult patients with EoE who completed FLIP panometry during sedated endoscopy with esophageal biopsy sampling were included. FLIP metrics of esophageal body Compliance, Contractile response, Distensibility plateau, and maximum EGJ Diameter (C2D2) were scored as 0 for normal versus 1 or 2 for increasing degree of abnormality. Scores were summed to calculate the composite C2D2 score. Results: The C2D2 score had a significant positive correlation with mucosal eosinophil count (ρ = .241) and total Endoscopic EoE Reference Score (ρ = .467). Among 46 patients off treatment at the baseline evaluation, future proton pump inhibitor (PPI) responders (ie, achieved mucosal eosinophil count <15 per high-powered field after PPI treatment) had lower C2D2 scores than PPI nonresponders (median, 2 [interquartile range, 1-3] vs 4 [interquartile range, 2-6], respectively; P = .003). A regression model (that controlled for age, sex, and baseline eosinophil count) showed a C2D2 score ≤3 had an odds ratio of 14.5 (95% confidence interval, 2.6-85) to predict future PPI response. However, total Endoscopic EoE Reference Scores (P = .142) and baseline eosinophil count (P = .480) did not differ between PPI responders and PPI nonresponders. Conclusions: This composite score of FLIP panometry metrics, the C2D2 score, may facilitate characterizing physiomechanical function in EoE and serve as an objective outcome measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-510.e1
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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