Compressive creep behavior of cast Bi2Te3

Zhi Ping Guan, David C. Dunand*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In thermoelectric devices, Bi2Te3 must be able to operate under high temperature gradients for very long times (years) without appreciable deformation, while being subjected to stresses created by internal thermal mismatch and external forces (e.g., vibrations). The deformation rate of cast, coarse-grained Bi2Te3 was measured under uniaxial compressive stresses from 2 to 16MPa at temperatures between 400 and 500°C. At all temperatures, a power-law behavior is observed, with a stress exponent n=3-6 and an activation energy of ~145kJ/mol. Significant differences in creep rates are observed in duplicate experiments, which may be due to anisotropic creep resistance in coarse-grained specimens. Bi2Te3 is brittle at 400 and 450°C but shows some compressive ductility at 500°C, indicating that hot forging may be possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-325
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
StatePublished - Mar 10 2013


  • Bismuth telluride
  • Deformation
  • Oxidation
  • Plasticity
  • Thermoelectric material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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