Computation-guided optimization of split protein systems

Taylor B. Dolberg, Anthony T. Meger, Jonathan D. Boucher, William K. Corcoran, Elizabeth E. Schauer, Alexis N. Prybutok, Srivatsan Raman, Joshua N. Leonard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Splitting bioactive proteins into conditionally reconstituting fragments is a powerful strategy for building tools to study and control biological systems. However, split proteins often exhibit a high propensity to reconstitute, even without the conditional trigger, limiting their utility. Current approaches for tuning reconstitution propensity are laborious, context-specific or often ineffective. Here, we report a computational design strategy grounded in fundamental protein biophysics to guide experimental evaluation of a sparse set of mutants to identify an optimal functional window. We hypothesized that testing a limited set of mutants would direct subsequent mutagenesis efforts by predicting desirable mutant combinations from a vast mutational landscape. This strategy varies the degree of interfacial destabilization while preserving stability and catalytic activity. We validate our method by solving two distinct split protein design challenges, generating both design and mechanistic insights. This new technology will streamline the generation and use of split protein systems for diverse applications. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalNature Chemical Biology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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