Computational thermodynamics and kinetics of displacive transformations in titanium-based alloys

Jia Yi Yan*, G. B. Olson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The thermodynamics of Ti-based systems are described for β-α′/α″ martensitic transformation and athermal ω formation at low temperatures. The new descriptions can better represent the relationship between the partitionless equilibrium temperature and the measured martensite-formation/reversion temperatures. The anomalous β-stabilizing effects of Al, Sn, and Zr in ternary Ti-V/Nb-based alloys are well modeled for the first time. The Gibbs energy function of ω-Ti at ambient pressure is assessed. The formation temperature of athermal ω phase is assessed in some binary systems and estimated in some ternary systems based on electrical resistivity and first-principles calculations. The critical driving force for heterogeneous martensitic nucleation is modeled by solution-hardening interfacial friction using the present thermodynamic descriptions. The competition between martensite and athermal ω phase can be understood based on their transformation thermodynamic and kinetic factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-454
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - Jul 15 2016


  • Athermal ω phase
  • Kinetics
  • Martensitic transformations
  • Thermodynamics
  • Titanium alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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