To assist the science-based design of alloys with martensitic microstructure, a multicomponent database kMART (kinetics of MARtensitic Transformation) encompassing the components Al, C, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, N, Nb, Ni, Pd, Re, Si, Ti, V, and W has been developed to calculate the driving force for martensitic transformation. Built upon the SSOL database of the Thermo-Calc software system, a large number of interaction parameters of the SSOL database have been modified, and many new interaction parameters, both binary and ternary, have been introduced to account for the heat of transformation, T0 temperatures, and the composition dependence of magnetic properties. The critical driving force for face-centered cubic (fcc) → body-centered cubic (bcc) heterogeneous martensitic nucleation in multicomponent alloys is modeled as the sum of a strain energy term, a defect-size-dependent interfacial energy term, and a composition-dependent interfacial work term. Using our multicomponent thermodynamic database, a model for barrierless heterogeneous martensitic nucleation, a model for the composition and temperature dependence of the shear modulus, and a set of unique interfacial kinetic parameters, we have demonstrated the efficacy of predicting the fcc → bcc martensitic start temperature (Ms) in multicomponent alloys with an accuracy of ±40 K over a very wide composition range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Metals and Alloys