Cochlear implantation is an accepted medical treatment for profound bilateral postlinguistically acquired hearing loss. Because cochlear implants are still in the process of development, a detailed evaluation of the results of implantation is essential. However, the capability of predetermining the auditory benefit of a cochlear implant is limited and depends upon a number of factors. This report focuses upon the ability of computed tomography (CT) to predict surgical success and audiological results of multichannel cochlear implantation. It also addresses how the disease state might affect the functional benefit of the implant.After undergoing routine clinical and audiological evaluations, 28 cochlear implant candidates underwent CT scans in order to evaluate cochlear patency prior to surgery. Subsequently, 24 patients were implanted with either a single- or 22-channel device. Surgical findings were noted and postoperative audiological assessments of sound detection and speech discrimination were made.The CT risk factors that diminish the likelihood of a successful cochlear implant result are discussed based upon a retrospective comparison of preoperative CT results, surgical findings, and postsurgical audiological evaluations of the 14 patients who received a 22-channel implant. Analysis of the predictive capability of CT will allow clinicians to use that procedure more effectively in the presurgical assessment of cochlear implant candidates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jul 1990|
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