Computer and World Wide Web accessibility by visually disabled patients: Problems and solutions

Michael F. Chiang*, Roy G. Cole, Suhit Gupta, Gail E. Kaiser, Justin B. Starren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Rapid advances in information technology have dramatically transformed the world during the past several decades. Access to computers and the World Wide Web is increasingly required for education and employment, as well as for many activities of daily living. Although these changes have improved society in many respects, they present an obstacle for visually disabled patients who may have significant difficulty processing the visual cues presented by modern graphical user interfaces. This article reviews the specific barriers to computer and Web access faced by visually disabled patients, describes clinical evaluation methods, summarizes traditional low vision methods as well as newer assistive computer technologies for universal accessibility, and discusses emerging technologies and future directions in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-405
Number of pages12
JournalSurvey of ophthalmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005


  • Access to information
  • Biomedical technology
  • Blindness
  • Internet
  • Low vision
  • Medical informatics
  • User-computer interface
  • Vision disorders
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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