Computer Discrimination of Atrial Fibrillation and Regular Atrial Rhythms from Intra‐Atrial Electrograms

JANET SLOCUM, Alan Varteres Sahakian, STEVEN SWIRYN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reliable detection of atrial fibrillation from intra‐atrial data is an important requirement for automatic implantable anti‐tachycardia devices. Simultaneous filtered and unfiltered intra‐atrial electrograms were recorded from patients in regular rhythms (12 sinus rhythms and six regular atrial tachycardias) and atrial fibrillation (nine rhythms). Each rhythm was broken down into consecutive 4‐second data segments for analysis by atrial rate calculation, power spectrum analysis and amplitude probability density function generation. Significant differences were found between regular rhythms and atrial fibrillation for atrial rate, for the percentage of the total power in the 4–9 hertz band and for amplitude probability density close to the isoelectric region. There was no overlap for any of these three parameters. For each method of analysis, algorithms were generated to discriminate individual data segments from regular rhythms and atrial fibrillation with high sensitivity and specificity. Comparable results were found when sinus rhythm was excluded from the analysis. Characteristics of intra‐atrial recordings during atrial fibrillation were remarkably similar to previously published reports of intra‐ventricular recordings during ventricular fibrillation. Each of the three methods of analysis may provide an algorithm for accurate detection of atrial fibrillation by anti‐tachycardia devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)610-621
Number of pages12
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

Keywords

  • antitachycardia device
  • arrhythmia
  • atrial fibrillation
  • electrograms
  • intracardiac recordings
  • spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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